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Korea Society for Naval Science and Technology - Vol. 3 , No. 2

[ Article ]
Journal of the KNST - Vol. 3, No. 2, pp.75-87
Abbreviation: KNST
ISSN: 2635-4926 (Print)
Print publication date 30 Sep 2020
Received 15 Jun 2020 Revised 02 Jul 2020 Accepted 13 Aug 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31818/JKNST.2020.09.3.2.75

이순신의 잊혀진 해전 절이도해전의 교전 상황 및 학익진 연구: 이순신의 해양전략·전술을 중심으로
고광섭*
목포해양대학교 해군사관학부 교수

A Study on the Situation of Engagement & Hakik-jin in Yi Sun-shin’s Forgotten Naval Battles/Jeolido Naval Battle: Focused on Admiral Yi Sun-shin’s Maritime Strategy and Naval Battle Tactics
Kwang-Soob Ko*
Professor, Division of Naval Officer Science, Mokpo National Maritime University
Correspondence to : *Kwang-Soob Ko Division of Naval Officer Science, Mokpo National Maritime University, Mokpo, Republic of Korea Tel: +82-61-240-7154 Fax: +82-61-240-7127 E-mail: nama1@mmu.ac.kr


© 2020 Korea Society for Naval Science & Technology

초록

본 연구는 충무공 이순신 장군의 해양전략과 해전전술을 기반으로 한 절이도해전 연구이다. 절이도해전은 조선 수군이 1598년 음력 7월 거금도(절이도의 옛 명칭) 인근 해역에서 100여 척의 왜 수군과 치열한 전투를 벌여 왜 수군 전선 50여 척을 분멸한 임진왜란 해전 가운데 명량해전이나 한산도해전에 못지 않는 비중 있는 해전이다. 그러나 절이도해전은 전문가들 사이에서도 ‘잊혀진 해전’으로 인식되어 왔다. 절이도해전에 대한 상황을 알 수 있는 난중일기의 기록이 미흡할 뿐 아니라 사료가 부족하여 해전에 대한 연구가 활성화되지 못한 것이 큰 이유이다. 본 연구에서는 사료 기록을 통한 절이도해전에 대한 개념을 정립하였다. 또 임진왜란 시기 중 이순신이 치렀던 해전에 나타난 이순신의 해양전략과 해전전술 등을 분석하여 그 결과를 절이도해전 전장환경에 적용하여 절이도해전 교전해역 및 교전시간 등을 시뮬레이션하여 교전 상황도를 제시하였고, 교전시 조선 수군의 전술진형을 분석하였다. 연구 결과 학익진 전술진형이 가장 적합함을 알 수 있었는 바, 이순신은 절이도해전에서 전략적으로는 함대결전을 전술적으로는 학익진을 구사함으로써 50여척의 적선을 침몰시키고 대승을 거둔 것으로 분석되었다.

Abstract

This study is about the Jeolido Naval Battle based on Admiral Yi Sun-shin's maritime strategy and naval battle tactics. The Battle of Jeolido took place in the sea area near Geogeumdo Island (formerly known as Jeolido Island) in July 1598 on the lunar calendar. In this naval battle, 50 Japanese ships were destroyed. In this study, the concept of naval warfare through historical records was established. In addition, this study analyzed Yi Sun-shin’s maritime strategy and naval warfare tactics that appeared in the naval battle of Yi Sun-shin during the Imjin War. Those results were applied to the battlefield environment of the naval battle of Jeolido, and the battle situation map was presented by simulating the area and time of the war. In addition, the tactical formation of the Joseon Naval Forces during the engagement was analyzed. As a result, it was found that the tactic of Hak Ik-jin is the most suitable. Finally, it was analyzed that Yi Sun-shin sank 50 enemy ships and won a great victory in Battle of Jeolido by using the fleet decisive battle strategically and the Hakik-jin tactically.


Keywords: Naval Battle of Jeolido, Yi Sun-shin, Maritime Strategy and Naval Warfare Tactics, Hakik-jin
키워드: 절이도해전, 이순신, 해양전략·전술, 학익진

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